andrada, eduardo de campos

Forestry engineer that developed professional functions in the Madeira archipelago between 1952 and 1975, as Head of the Forestry Circumscription of Funchal.

Eduardo Campos Andrada was born in the council of Cascais in 1913 and joined the class of Forestry Engineering at the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (School of Agriculture) influenced by his uncle, Professor Mário de Azevedo Gomes which, at the time of his admission to the faculty, was forestry professor and researcher at the School.

After completing his degree, he started his professional activity in the Forest Administration of Figueira da Foz. Later in 1939, went to Africa, where he exercised his professional activity in forestry in Mozambique and Angola until 1951. After this period, returned to Continental Portugal, having been sent to the archipelago of Madeira in June, 1952, to command the then recently created Forestry Circumscription of Funchal, in direct hierarchical dependence of the National Secretariat of Forestry and Aquiculture Services from the then Economy Ministry.

Eduardo de Campos Andrada had the mission of implementing the recommended allocations in the supplementary plan of afforestation for the archipelago of Madeira.

The Forestry Circumscription of Funchal was in charge of the activities of afforestation, thickets protection, organization of the forestry and grazing regimes, seed collection and installation of forest nurseries, construction of forestry roads, guard stations (forest stations), shelters, sheepfolds and other buildings, works for torrential control, as well as trout farming exploration.

Despite the Forestry Circumscription of Funchal been funded in 1952, the afforestation only started later, in 1955, after a complex and slow process of delimitation and submission of the uncultivated areas to the forestry regime, followed by other afforestation studies and projects for each forestry perimeter, executed by the team of Eduardo Campos Andrada.

Based on the activities of the Forestry Circumscription of Funchal, Campos Andrada developed a remarkable job during the 23 years that he stayed in Madeira, most of which endures in the mountains of Madeira and Porto Santo. The opening of a noteworthy network of roads in forestry areas, many of which later became regional roads, standing out the roads of Paul da Serra, the road of Chão da Ribeira, the road to Pico das Pedras and from Pico das Pedras to Achada Teixeira, the road from Santo da Serra to Poiso, and in Porto Santo, the connection to Pico Castelo, is one of the examples of his work that will last to posterity.

Most of the forest stations in the island were also built during this period following an existing baseline project, which conferred them a characteristic design.

Andrada, Eduardo Campos
Costruction of the florest station of Poiso in the 50’s. Photograph taken by Eduardo Campos Andrada
Equally designed and planted in the time of Eduardo Campo Andrada were the arborization of several areas of the territory, being worthy of mention the area of Estanquinhos in Paul da Serra, the area of Pico das Pedras in Santana, the area of Funduras in Machico and all the vast area of Poiso, between the councils of Machico and Santa Cruz.

The installation of the first forestry nurseries was also conducted in this period, persisting in time: the Forestry Nursery of Pico das Pedras in Santana, the Forestry Nursery Casa Velha in Santo da Serra, the Forestry Nursery of Santa in Porto Moniz, and the Forestry Nursery Salões in Porto Santo.

In many of the developed projects, Eduardo Campos Andrada promoted the arrival of specialized technicians in different topics. Example of this is the forestry mosaic that exists in Sítio das Carreiras, in the Forestry Perimeter of Serras do Poiso, in the surroundings of the south gate of Montado do Pereiro; the forestry species planted there, composed of oaks (Quercus rubra), European beech (Fagus sylvatica), insignis pines (Pinus radiata), chestnuts (Castanea sativa) and grazing areas, were projected by the landscape architect Fernando Pessoa who passed by Madeira invited by Campos Andrada, demonstrating the aesthetic concern of the arborization projects conducted by the Forestry Services. Another example is the project of the Aquaculture Station of Ribeiro Frio, elaborated by several specialized technicians of the then National Secretariat of Forestry and Aquiculture Services, to populate the main rivers of the island of Madeira with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The riversides of the island of Madeira were populated exclusively with eel (Anguilla anguilla), that live mainly in the lower third of these riversides, but, given the favorable characteristics of the waters, Eduardo Campos Andrada soon realized the potentialities of introducing trout in such areas.

The Aquaculture Station of Ribeiro Frio was constructed between 1957 and 1959 and the first breeding trials of these salmonids (trout) were conducted with eggs brought from the Aquaculture Station of Rio Ave.

In the forestry-grazing areas, he was responsible for the construction of sheepfolds and support houses that sheltered shepherds and their respective families coming from the area of Serra da Estrela, that had as mission to develop all the potentialities related with this activity, not only collecting sheep wool, but also the art of making cheese, in a way to teach the local population this craft, in an attempt to monetize this production, which was unprofitable and poorly disciplined.

In Porto Santo, the projects of torrential control were conducted by the Forestry Engineer Mário dos Santos Gallo who was the Head of the Office of Research for the Works of Torrential Correction from the National Secretariat of Forestry and Aquiculture Services.

Eduardo Campos Andrada also implemented the legislation for the protection of the thickets. In this sense, the principles stipulated in the legislation created in 1960 remained basically intact until the beginning of the 21st century, since it continued to be a valid instrument.

Eduardo Campos Andrada was a photography lover, having photographed landscapes and cultural aspects of Madeira truly inedited, such as the photographs of the plateau of Paul da Serra, and leaving a vast asset of photographs from the island of Porto Santo and the island of Madeira. Part of this asset was deposited in the Regional Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources; another part of the same asset was bought by João Adriano Ribeiro from a relative of Campos Andrada after his death.

Eduardo de Campos Andrada died in June 2004, in the area of Cascais, where he lived.

Works of Eduardo de Campos Andrada: Repovoamento Florestal do Arquipélago da Madeira (1990).

Bibliog.: printed: PEREIRA, Eduardo C. N., Ilhas de Zargo, 4.ª ed., vol. 1, Funchal, Câmara Municipal do Funchal, 1989; oral communication: BARRETO, Remídio António Gil Spínola [personal communication], 1914; FIGUEIRA, Paula Marília [personal communication], 1914.

Manuel António Marques Madama de Sousa Filipe

(updated 08.06.2016)