(Shrewsbury, 1809-Down House [Downe], 1882)
He was an English naturalist and geologist, mainly known for being the proponent, together with Wallace, of the modern Theory of Evolution by natural selection. He was never in Madeira, and in Portugal he only visited the Azores while returning from his circumnavigation voyage aboard the brig Beagle. However, Darwin kept a fairly frequent correspondence on issues related to the natural proprieties of Madeira, peaking right before the publication of the work On the Origin of the Species (1859). The book cites several examples from Madeira, which is mentioned more often than the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific.
Keywords: science; evolution; species; history.