local judge

Having been created in the reign of King Manuel I, the local judge, also known as judge of vintena, had the duty to know all the causes of damage to crops, vineyards, orchards, pastures and groves located within the parish boundaries, caused by people or cattle belonging to residents of the parish, in order to maintain law and order in their respective parishes. The local judge still had powers to arrest or to order the arrest of suspects, thieves, robbers, deserters, and watch over the inns, taverns and other public places. In 1835, the post was abolished, and its powers were transferred to the justices of the peace.

Keywords: Local Justice; law; fines; parish; public order.