ordinary judge

Elected annually by a committee formed by his neighbours, the ordinary judge, an honorary officer, had the function of keeping the district residents safe and maintaining public order, and to know about civil and criminal deeds committed within the parish borders and to defend and respect municipal and national laws, allowing the independence of the Portuguese municipalities in face of royal justice. The importance of the ordinary judge diminished with the development of a judicial system, and in 1886 this post was finally extinguished.

Keywords: Judiciary; law; justice; autonomy; municipalities.